Skip to content

Specialization is Good

April 7, 2008 by JurgenAppelo

I think specialization is good, and cross-functional teams are not. Here's why...

Suppose you are the publisher of a magazine about cooking. It's a glossy magazine, with recipes, restaurant reviews, and lots of pictures of expensive cutlery and celebrities tasting trendy oysters. The magazine is released every month and you have a huge list of recipes, restaurants and celebrities waiting to make their appearance in one of the upcoming editions. Getting a new edition out the door is always a stressful experience. The celebrities never commit to any culinairy photo shoot. The chefs always complain about the way their food is described. And some of the recipes are so bad, you wouldn't even want to cook them for your neighbor's dog. But still, despite the bruised egos, and the meat clevers flying around your head, a new edition is published on the same day of each month.

Now the editor walks up to you and tells you he has the solution to all problems. It is called the cross-functional team. It's really simple and very effective: The different roles of all people working on the magazine will be turned into one generic role called team member. There are no real specialists anymore, as everyone on the team is allowed to do any of the jobs needed to get a new edition of the magazine out of the door. The writers are allowed do the photo shoots, whenever they happen to be in the vicinity of a celebrity. Any chef, with at least one working finger left, is allowed to type restaurant reviews. And if the photographers are finished with their work, they can help out writing recipes that won't kill any neighbors' dog. With such a cross-functional team, explains the editor, making a new edition of the magazine will be much less stressful. So... what do you say?

This is what I would say:

Are you completely insane? If I'm on an operation table, having my eyelids corrected, would I want the nurse to take over when the surgeon is having trouble keeping up with his schedule? Would I say, "Yes, thank you nurse, and why don't you have my tonsils removed, while you're at it?"

Specialization is good.

Specialization is not the same as introducing a waterfall pipeline in your organization. Smart organizations can specialize without doing waterfalls. Avoiding waterfalls does not imply doing things cross-functional. Cross-functional teams (in the way they are promoted by some agilists) completely ignore everything society has learned since philosopher and economist Adam Smith pointed out in 1776 (in his landmark book The Wealth of Nations) that specialization leads to higher productivity and prosperity. Specialization is the reason why software developers do not bake their own bread, fix their own clothes or hunt for their own food, a few exceptions notwithstanding. The larger an economy or organization is, the more people will want to (and be able to) specialize in what they are good at. It is a mechanism that has proven to work well, not only for individuals but for the whole as well.

In our company I disapprove of people attempting to be cross-functional. When the design of a web site is being implemented by a developer, it can bring tears to my eyes. Some of them seem not to be able to see the difference between a pixel and a centimeter. I have seen functional designs for web sites, created by software engineers, that would probably have caused physical injuries among our web sites' visitors, if we had followed the designs. That's why we have software developers, content developers, business analysts, interaction designers and graphic designers.

I am all in favor of agile software development. We put people over processes, we favor face-to-face communication over written documents, we embrace change, and we welcome customers collaborating with us on their projects. And we demand that people stick to doing the work they're good at (or want to become good at).

Are you happy doing what you're good at? Or do you allow people to give you work you don't even know how to do?

Comments

I've not witnessed

April 7, 2008 by Jason Matchgrip (not verified), 6 years 23 weeks ago
Comment id: 1501

I've not witnessed cross-functional teams being advocated the way you describe. I think ideally you do have specialists, but when the team is cross functional it allows every to contribute to different parts of the team. You may very well have a QA specialist, that person knows all about testing and the testing tools your team is using. But if the team gets behind on testing it would be nice to have others step in and help to get the testing back up to the level the team would like. It seems like you are authoring about very extreme cases. I think ideally your teams are made up of generalizing specialists - jack of all trades, master of few.

I find your arguments misleading...

April 7, 2008 by Rob Park (not verified), 6 years 23 weeks ago
Comment id: 1502

Sure I don't want a nurse taking out my tonsils, but that's not software. And what's wrong with having a developer get the pieces in place on the web site (especially if the guy who's better at window dressing is too busy). I want that person to know how to operate in there... or at least not be afraid of it or worse told they can't.

For me, the better analogy is a SEAL squad. They are heavily cross-trained and can function in any of the team roles, but at the same time like any good team, some people are better at some skills (specializations) than others, but there are of course times when they aren't in the right position or they are just spread too thin. Note they have swim-buddies too, which seems to me similar in ways to pair programming (which help build better generalists).

And with too much specialization, you always have to be aware of your low "truck number".

Agile...??

April 8, 2008 by Anonymous (not verified), 6 years 23 weeks ago
Comment id: 1504

First of all excuse me for jumping into this topic, as I’m quite a noob at ASD.
But here's my opinion anyway....

As described by mr. Apello, doesn't Agile Software Developing consist of the following: put people over processes, favor face-to-face communication over written documents, embrace change, and welcome customers collaborating with us on their projects.

In doing this we deviate from following strict procedures and protocols, and combine best practices to suit each particular project.
I compare this method allot to evolution, because through time the environment is also ever-changing - as with development projects.
Greek philosopher Heraclitus, "everything is in a state of flux".

Through evolution, the individuals who are the most specialized always seem to disappear first.... as for the ones who have learned to adapt to different environments and cope with change, have a better chance at survival.
As mentioned by Rob Park and the SEAL analogy, if the demolitions expert gets KIA, you still want your squad to plant those explosives and complete the mission. Even if they don't all know the exact composition of C4, they should all know how to plant it and arm it for detonation.

After all.... isn't this what the word Agile means.... "The ability to change"

a double straw man...

April 8, 2008 by Ilja Preuß (not verified), 6 years 23 weeks ago
Comment id: 1505

Your argument is based on two fundamental misconceptions:

First, the term "cross-functional team" doesn't have anything to do with individuals. It describes a team where all the knowledge needed to reach the goal of the team (like developing a product) is present inside the team. This is in contrast to functional teams, where a product needs to be handed around between different teams to get finished. It doesn't say anything about who inside the team has what knowledge.

Second, nobody in the Agile community I know says that everyone should work on everything, no matter what. What we are saying is that a team can be much more effective if team members can fill more than one function, and are able to help out in even more when needed (for example by pair programming with an expert). See http://www.agilemodeling.com/essays/generalizingSpecialists.htm

Finally... a response!

April 11, 2008 by JurgenAppelo, 6 years 23 weeks ago
Comment id: 1508

Thank you all for your comments, and sorry I'm late with my response. I hope some of you are still able to read it.

"what's wrong with having a developer get the pieces in place on the web site" - Jason Matchgrip

What is wrong is that is that we had customers threatening to cancel their contracts because some developers thought they were able to do a bit of design, and a bit of testing. But it turned out they made a mess of things because design and testing wasn't their specialty. It made some of our customers really angry. Some people are simply over-confident.

"the better analogy is a SEAL squad" - Rob Park

I don't think so. A SEAL squad doesn't scale to 220 people (which happens to be the size of our organization). Sure, you can have 30 SEAL squads. But that defies the wish of many of our people to specialize.

"Through evolution, the individuals who are the most specialized always seem to disappear first." - Anonymous

This is clearly untrue. If evolution favored generalists all species would still be bacteria. But the estimated number of species on earth is between 5 and 30 million. This looks like specialization to me. They are definately not 30 million generalists.

"First, the term "cross-functional team" doesn't have anything to do with individuals. [...] Second, nobody in the Agile community I know says that everyone should work on everything, no matter what." - Ilja Preuß

Well, I agree that there's nothing wrong with the intended definition. But what I am talking about, and disagreeing with, is the interpretation in agile circles. Here's a quote from Chris Spagnuolo:

This means anyone on the team can and should work on tasks that may not be within their expertise. Usually there is someone on the team with functional expertise to lead a specific task, but anyone on the team can do the work.

I don't agree with that.

How does a team grow and mature?

April 22, 2008 by Chris S. (not verified), 6 years 21 weeks ago
Comment id: 1517

While I like what is being discussed here, I have to stress that cross-functional teams encourage learning. It's how teams grow. We do a lot of pair programming and it has really helped our team become "cross-functional". We work on a lot of consulting contracts often simultaneously. Sometimes, a specific team member with a set of expertise is not available because he or she is committed to another team on another iteration or release. But, because we've paired in the past and some of those expertise have been "passed on" through the pairing, our team is better equipped to handle the temporary absence of our expert. And our expert is always available for questions if the need arises. But we have found that the more people stretch their knowledge base, especially through pairing, the more flexible and nimble our team can be. Even on iterations where our "expert" is on the team, often we've had "non-experts" take some of his/her tasks and perform very well on them. This allowed our expert to either expand his/her knowledge base or concentrate on more complex or difficult tasks. But this all comes with one caveat: You still do need that single expert (or multiple experts) to spread their goodness around to other team members. This takes a team member with little or no ego who is willing to share and transfer knowledge with the rest of your development team.

Specialists outperform generalists

April 22, 2008 by JurgenAppelo, 6 years 21 weeks ago
Comment id: 1518

In his book Agile Management for Software Engineering David J. Anderson mentioned research done by Capers Jones which showed that a team of specialists will usually outperform a team of generalists (page 272).

Now I don't mind a specialist occasionally making a contribution to another person's job (provided he's capable enough). But if I have to choose between specialists and generalists then it is evident I will go for the specialist approach. The inefficiencies associated with specialists do not outweigh the much bigger inefficiencies of generalists, who are apparently slower at doing their jobs than the specialists are.

interpretation in agile circles

April 28, 2008 by Ilja Preuß (not verified), 6 years 20 weeks ago
Comment id: 1526

"Well, I agree that there's nothing wrong with the intended definition. But what I am talking about, and disagreeing with, is the interpretation in agile circles. Here's a quote from Chris Spagnuolo:

This means anyone on the team can and should work on tasks that may not be within their expertise. Usually there is someone on the team with functional expertise to lead a specific task, but anyone on the team can do the work.

I don't agree with that."

I'm not sure that there is something that you could call "the interpretation in Agile circles" - the Agile community is not as homogeneous as this statement seems to imply.

I'm also not sure that your interpretation of Chris' interpretation is actually correct. I can think of ways to interpret that statement that wouldn't be in conflict with what I wrote at all. On the other hand, I wouldn't be too surprised to learn that Chris and I actually disagree on this - while I find his views to be interesting and valuable, I don't know how much he is actually embedded in the Agile community. From all I know, he might just be a blogger who happens to write about his very personal view of Agile Software Development.

a spectrum?

June 16, 2008 by Jeff Santini (not verified), 6 years 13 weeks ago
Comment id: 1585

How can anyone discuss generalization versus specialization as if they are mutually exclusive? I can walk AND breath AND eat. Do those three skills label me a generalist? What if you throw in drive AND type AND play football? OK. how about add Write java code and Erlang and CSS? Next you could discuss at what level of skill you could be considered a specialist. While you, Jurgen, might consider me a java specialist, client X might disagree.

So if we agree there is a spectrum with extremes of specialization and generalization that can be applied to how people within a team are used we could move a little farther away from strawman arguments. Then there is the seperation of person from role. A team could be defined as needing 6 roles and those roles could then be filled by one, three, six, or 220 individuals. If you only have three people to comprise your team, you had better be able to value some level of generalization.

The concrete arguments I heard against specialization came from instances of failing to generalize. If a person who is only competent in a developer role tries to do web design, unsupervised, then expect trouble such as your team experienced, but throw in pairing and a daily stand up in which the team self organizes around high priority tasks. The result is a lone incompetent web designer won't be stuck doing web design. But perhaps a person whose skills are generalized to the point of being a capable developer AND web designer will be given the task. Hopefully they will even pair or be supervised by a SPECIALIST web designer. If the team failed to organize along those lines it is not the fault of the concept of generalization. It is the fault of the teams organizational capabilities.

This article reminded me

May 23, 2012 by JennyH8109 (not verified), 2 years 17 weeks ago
Comment id: 22402

This article reminded me about one user story that was once presented to me as an example. In this case the user were prospects at a trade show that would need a demonstration of a hypothetical company's yet-to-be-completed software product. So given a limited time to include the features of the product in a demo. what do you include. rio b and you

B2B marketplace

November 6, 2012 by shawn07 (not verified), 1 year 45 weeks ago
Comment id: 24476

Thank you. This worked perfectly. =]

B2B marketplace

If you just want to have a

November 14, 2012 by healthelectron (not verified), 1 year 44 weeks ago
Comment id: 24652

If you just want to have a complex system - but unusual - handbag, here are some tips. Let's see what types of Indonesian handbags are available and how to choose the right one for you bag supplier china

Username Icon

December 11, 2012 by icxonlibraey.ucinshokdc.om (not verified), 1 year 40 weeks ago
Comment id: 25028

By WebOsPublisher

Split Icons Themes & Customizations
Split Icons - EXTREME Overclocking Forums
Home
| Reviews
| Forums
| Downloads
| $ EXTREME Deals $
| RealTime Pricing
| Free Magazines
| Gear
| Folding Stats
Newsletter
| Contact Us
EXTREME Overclocking Forums
> Software Discussion
> Themes $ Customizations
Split Icons
User Name
Remember Me?
Password
Register
Forum Rules
FAQ
Today's Posts
Search
Search Forums
Show Threads
Show Posts
Advanced Search
Go to Page...
Welcome Guest Visitor! Please Register, It's Free and Fun To Participate!
The EXTREME Overclocking Forums are a place for people to learn how to overclock and tweak their PC's components like the CPU, memory (RAM), or video card in order to gain the maximum performance out of their system. There are lots of discussions about new processors, graphics cards, cooling products, power supplies, cases, and so much more!
You are currently viewing our boards as a "guest" which gives you limited access to view most discussions. You need to register before you can post: click the register link to proceed. Before you register, please read the forum rules. By joining our free community you will have access to post topics, communicate privately with other members (PM), respond to polls, upload your own pictures, and access many other special features. Registration is fast, simple, and absolutely free! To start viewing messages, select the forum that you want to visit from the selection below.
After you have registered and read the forum rules, you can check out the FAQ for more information on using the forum. We hope you enjoy your stay here!
Note To Spammers: We do not allow unsolicited advertising! Spam is usually reported & deleted within minutes of it being posted, so don't waste your time (or ours)!
Please Register to Post a Reply
Thread Tools
04-09-2005, 11:04 PM
#1
eDdY808
Learning To Overclock
Senior Member
Posts: 127
Last Seen: 07-08-2008
Age: 24
iTrader: 0 / 0%
Split Icons
www30.brinkster.com/eddy808/screen.GIF
The icons for my programs are split up the left side appears on the right and vice versa as seen in the picture. Does anyone know how to fix this?
Offline
Register to Reply to This Post
eDdY808
View Public Profile
Find More Posts by eDdY808
04-09-2005, 11:33 PM
#2
4-n-zics
End of line
Super Moderator
Posts: 11,547
Last Seen: 09-10-2012
Age: 36
From: Arlington, TX
iTrader: 7 / 100%
The link does not work. Use the Manage Attachement function under the Go Advanced button.
Offline
Register to Reply to This Post
4-n-zics
View Public Profile
Find More Posts by 4-n-zics
04-10-2005, 06:38 AM
#3
eDdY808
Learning To Overclock
Senior Member
Posts: 127
Last Seen: 07-08-2008
Age: 24
iTrader: 0 / 0%
sorry bout that please tell me if it worked or not.
Attached Thumbnails
Offline
Register to Reply to This Post
eDdY808
View Public Profile
Find More Posts by eDdY808
04-10-2005, 07:16 AM
#4
inertiatic
.:everybody Hz:.
Senior Member
Posts: 403
Last Seen: 06-15-2012
Age: 29
From: spokane
iTrader: 0 / 0%
yeah it works now.. and congrats on having one of the weirdest problems ive ever seen
have you installed any "custom icon" software recently that may have screwed all your icons up? you know how to change an icon for a shortcut, right? well if not, ill explain it, but if you do, try to change it to the icon its supposed to be and see if that fixes it..
p.s. lmao
edit: also scan for viruses. this might just be some funny harmless virus or trojan that can be removed.
Offline
Register to Reply to This Post
inertiatic
View Public Profile
Find More Posts by inertiatic
04-10-2005, 07:22 AM
#5
Transnone13
Mad Motorcycle Racer
Senior Member
Posts: 5,525
Last Seen: 12-05-2012
Age: 25
From: Sierra Vista, AZ
iTrader: 12 / 100%
Wow, I've never seen that before. I hope someone who has any idea what went wrong can help you!
What was the last thing you did before that happened?
Offline
Register to Reply to This Post
Transnone13
View Public Profile
Visit Transnone13's homepage!
Find More Posts by Transnone13
04-10-2005, 07:22 AM
#6
eDdY808
Learning To Overclock
Senior Member
Posts: 127
Last Seen: 07-08-2008
Age: 24
iTrader: 0 / 0%
actually its my friends comp but i think he just turned it on and it was like that.
Offline
Register to Reply to This Post
eDdY808
View Public Profile
Find More Posts by eDdY808
04-10-2005, 06:29 PM
#7
subsider
Fast Aint Fast Enuff
Senior Member
Posts: 418
Last Seen: 02-25-2012
Age: 50
From: Rochester NY
iTrader: 0 / 0%
lmao change to small icons (taskbar properties -start menue) and/ or change the menue size in the display properties - appearance - advanced
youll be all set
Offline
Register to Reply to This Post
subsider
View Public Profile
Visit subsider's homepage!
Find More Posts by subsider
04-11-2005, 12:32 AM
#8
eDdY808
Learning To Overclock
Senior Member
Posts: 127
Last Seen: 07-08-2008
Age: 24
iTrader: 0 / 0%
changing it so small icons fixes the start menu but when changed back to regular it goes back to how it was before and it also doesnt fix the desktop icons. my friend said that it happened when he shutdown the comp via windows and about 2 seconds after selecting shutdown he pressed reset via case button so the computer shutdown and then restared. During the bootup it did a recovery thing for lost files and to check for corrupted files. After that windows booted up with the weird icons.
Offline
Register to Reply to This Post
eDdY808
View Public Profile
Find More Posts by eDdY808
04-11-2005, 02:38 PM
#9
g33kski11z
_________________
Senior Member
Posts: 605
Last Seen: 03-19-2010
From: Steeler Country!
iTrader: 3 / 100%
If there is no vital data on the PC, reload it. That's the easy fix.
Offline
Register to Reply to This Post
g33kski11z
View Public Profile
Find More Posts by g33kski11z
04-11-2005, 04:13 PM
#10
imshirazy
User #4927/107,200
Senior Member
Posts: 1,340
Last Seen: Today
Age: 25
From: CT
iTrader: 1 / 100%
lol severe corruption with your software, that's why it is never really seen because this is so random, the same thing that happened to your icons is the same thing that happens to screwed up programs when you shut down without exiting etc.
Use norton system works if you have it, then run a disk defrag in case the protocol is in two different areas of your disk. If those two don't work, then you simply have to set all the icons again yourself, sorry to say it.
It's just a simple software malfunction, if you set the icons on larger or smaller that might work, but your icons haven't been changed at all, just the app that displays them
And yes indeed, you should be proud of your friend!! he is the second person i have ever seen with this problem and probably the last
Online
Register to Reply to This Post
imshirazy
View Public Profile
Find More Posts by imshirazy
04-11-2005, 05:49 PM
#11
Arbiter UK
Learning To Overclock
Senior Member
Posts: 101
Last Seen: 05-08-2005
Age: 23
From: London, UK
iTrader: 0 / 0%
Google for "TuneUp Utilities" and get a trial, and use Winstyler on there to Reload Icons and Repair the Icon cache maybe that will fix it.
Offline
Register to Reply to This Post
Arbiter UK
View Public Profile
Find More Posts by Arbiter UK
04-11-2005, 05:56 PM
#12
butmunch
I am bored.
Senior Member
Posts: 155
Last Seen: 11-15-2005
Age: 24
From: Cambridge
iTrader: 0 / 0%
Pah, the icons aren;t broken, they're misaligned, that suggests an corrupt registry entry. There loads of "registry fixer" programs out there. try that if you're all out of ideas.
Offline
Register to Reply to This Post
butmunch
View Public Profile
Find More Posts by butmunch
04-11-2005, 10:37 PM
#13
subsider
Fast Aint Fast Enuff
Senior Member
Posts: 418
Last Seen: 02-25-2012
Age: 50
From: Rochester NY
iTrader: 0 / 0%
Quote:
Originally Posted by butmunch
Pah, the icons aren;t broken, they're misaligned, that suggests an corrupt registry entry. There loads of "registry fixer" programs out there. try that if you're all out of ideas.
i would have to agree
or better back up your data and do a fresh install
Offline
Register to Reply to This Post
subsider
View Public Profile
Visit subsider's homepage!
Find More Posts by subsider
04-11-2005, 11:36 PM
#14
eDdY808
Learning To Overclock
Senior Member
Posts: 127
Last Seen: 07-08-2008
Age: 24
iTrader: 0 / 0%
lol my friend fixed it after he played starcraft.
Offline
Register to Reply to This Post
eDdY808
View Public Profile
Find More Posts by eDdY808
04-16-2005, 08:24 PM
#15
imshirazy
User #4927/107,200
Senior Member
Posts: 1,340
Last Seen: Today
Age: 25
From: CT
iTrader: 1 / 100%
....wow, how?
Online
Register to Reply to This Post
imshirazy
View Public Profile
Find More Posts by imshirazy
04-16-2005, 09:12 PM
#16
eDdY808
Learning To Overclock
Senior Member
Posts: 127
Last Seen: 07-08-2008
Age: 24
iTrader: 0 / 0%
dunno jus happened....
Offline
Register to Reply to This Post
eDdY808
View Public Profile
Find More Posts by eDdY808
04-16-2005, 11:02 PM
#17
MrMan737
This is no joke, ace
Senior Member
Posts: 532
Last Seen: 11-02-2009
Age: 20
iTrader: 0 / 0%
Wow... That's gotta be the wierest problem/problem fix combo I've ever heard of!
Offline
Register to Reply to This Post
MrMan737
View Public Profile
Find More Posts by MrMan737
Sponsored Links:
Please Register to Post a Reply
«
Previous Thread
|
Next Thread
»
Thread Tools
Show Printable Version
Email this Page
Posting Rules
You may not post new threads
You may not post replies
You may not post attachments
You may not edit your posts
vB code is On
Smilies are On
code is On
HTML code is Off
Forum Jump
User Control Panel
Private Messages
Subscriptions
Who's Online
Search Forums
Forums Home
Website Related Info (No Post Increase)
Site Announcements $ Forum Suggestions
Tech News $ Press Releases
Official EOC Folding @ Home Team
Getting Started
New Member Introductions
General System Help $ Questions
Essential Tutorials, Guides, $ Info
Product Reviews - Written By Members
Benchmarks, Scores, Stability Testing
Project / Build Logs
AMD Specific
AMD Processors
AMD Motherboards
AMD Memory
Intel Specific
Intel Processors
Intel Motherboards
Intel Memory
General CPU Cooling
Air Cooling
Water Cooling - (Plain $ Chilled)
Thermal Electric Cooling - (TECs / Peltiers)
Phase Change, Dry Ice, LN2, Other Crazy Stuff
Video Cards, TV Tuners, Monitors
Monitors $ Displays
General Hardware $ Peripherals
Cases, Case Accessories, Case Modding
Power Supplies (PSUs)
Hard Drives, CD/DVD Drives $ Flash Media
Sound Cards, MP3 Players, Speakers
Digital Cameras, Camcorders, $ Web Cams
Network Hardware (Wired $ Wireless)
HTPC $ Home Entertainment
SFF $ SBC Systems
Notebooks, Handhelds, PDAs
Apple Products
Miscellaneous Peripherals
Software Discussion
General Windows Troubleshooting
Antivirus $ Spyware
Email $ Instant Messengers
Networking and Security
Multimedia $ Codecs
Software Applications
Themes $ Customizations
Web Browsers, News $ FTP Programs
Linux, BSD, Alternative OS's
Programming, DBMS, HTML, Web Related
Business Related (No Post Increase)
Online Shopping
Great Deals
Off Topic / General Chat (No Post Increase)
Games, Games, Games...
Member's Showcase
Photoshop Fun / Graphic Design
All times are GMT -6. The time now is 02:12 AM.
Copyright ©2000 - 2011, Jelsoft Enterprises Ltd.
Powered by vBulletin
Copyright ©2000 - 2011, EXTREME Overclocking
Acceptable Usage Policy (AUP) -
Disclaimer of Liability -
Privacy Policy -
Top
.iTt
FONT-FAMILY: Verdana, Arial, Helvetica;
FONT-SIZE: 11px;
FONT-STYLE: normal;
FONT-WEIGHT: normal;
COLOR: black;
BACKGROUND-COLOR: lightyellow;
BORDER: black 1px solid;
PADDING: 2px;

re you completely insane? If

January 15, 2013 by Anonymous (not verified), 1 year 35 weeks ago
Comment id: 25499

re you completely insane? If I'm on an operation table, having my eyelids corrected, would I want the nurse to take over when the surgeon is having trouble keeping up with his schedule? Would I say, "Yes, thank you nurse, and why don't you have my tonsils removed, while you're at it?"
katalog stron
suknie ślubne
katalog stron
suknie ślubne
http://www.e-zwd.pl
http://www.e-zawady.pl

reply

January 30, 2013 by angela (not verified), 1 year 33 weeks ago
Comment id: 26090

Recently, i came upon your internet site and get happened to be looking at along the length of. I thought I would get out of the 1st opinion. I'm not sure things to tell you although I had savored studying. Good web site angela

In the case of Congo

February 20, 2013 by mapquest (not verified), 1 year 30 weeks ago
Comment id: 26355

In the case of Congo Lomarate, operational staff at customers and suppliers will be the primary users. mapquest

Nowoczesne meble sa nader - mikastudio.pl

March 21, 2013 by WoTaZarek (not verified), 1 year 26 weeks ago
Comment id: 26827

Nowoczesne meble sa nader dobrym pomyslem, jesli zalezy nam na jakosci wykonania. To naprawde [url=http://www.mikastudio.pl/o-nas]ekskluzywne meble[/url] atoli wielce duza liczba osób nie jest przekonana, iz nie jest dobrym pomyslem korzystanie z tego typu uslug. Zapraszamy wszystkich do nawiazania sytuacji co natomiast jak, jednakze w moim przekonaniu meble jakie oferuje firma mika studio sa no tak nieslychanie dobrym roziwiazaniem. nowoczesne oraz ekskluzywne umeblowanie dostepne sa ciekawe, pozwalaja ekspresowo tudziez skutecznie zdecydowac sie na taka forme wspólpracy, wskutek które sposród cala pewnoscia spelni nasze oczekiwania To co jest nader wazne w dzisiej sprzdawanych meblach, to sposród pewnosca estetyka. Designerskie umeblowanie sa niezmiernie wazne wyjatkowo teraz, podczas gdy rywalizacja na rynku mebli jest niezwykle duza. O ile potrzebujecie Pansztwo predko zas efektywnie zadecydowac sie na tego typu rozwiazania, zapraszamy do napisania nam w komentarzu wlasnych doswiadczen, albowiem [url=http://www.mikastudio.pl/pl/c/Design-wloski/48]designerskie meble[/url] w rzeczy samej niezwykle wazne dla kazdego, aby podjac decyzje sie na tego typu rozwiazanie. Zapraszamy wszystkich az do aktywnego szperania w meblowych sklepach internetowych, albowiem owo ano ogromnie ciekawe droga dla kazdego który chce skutecznie udekorowac wlasny dom, firme badz izba. Zapraszamy tym z wiekszym natezeniem wszystkich Panstwa tudziez czytelników naszegp bloga to aktywnego. To co wyróznia nas od momentu innych stron internetowych owo przedewszystkim zjawisko, ze dla nas liczy sie furt stan tudziez zadowolenie. To super wypadek. Czekamy na ciekawe wpisy oraz komentarze, gdyz to co sie dzieje zwlaszcza w ostatnim czasie to prawdziwy dziwolag. Pozadane byloby wspólpracowac albowiem przyosi owo rewelacyjnie zjawisko. Dolacz do grona naszych stalych klientów zas przekonaj sie czemu nalezaloby wykonywac prace z tego typu systemami. Przynosi to multum pozytywnych komentarzy i opinii.

Unfortunately the

April 7, 2013 by cruzegames (not verified), 1 year 23 weeks ago
Comment id: 26970

Unfortunately the presentation may not make much sense to you.addicting games

Blogs Parcel || Blogs Phase

May 21, 2013 by elizabeth (not verified), 1 year 17 weeks ago
Comment id: 27777

Are you completely insane? If

June 1, 2013 by Repeccini (not verified), 1 year 15 weeks ago
Comment id: 28134

Are you completely insane? If I'm on an operation table, having my eyelids corrected, would I want the nurse to take over when the surgeon is having trouble keeping up with his schedule? Would I say, "Yes, thank you nurse, and why don't you have my tonsils removed, while you're at it
jk0-015 exam || lot-911 exam || lot-923 exam || lot-924 exam || lot-928 exam || ctal-ta exam || ctal-tta-001 exam || 9a0-164 exam || st0-151 exam || st0-155 exam

his article has me looking

June 2, 2013 by Anonymous (not verified), 1 year 15 weeks ago
Comment id: 28170

his article has me looking from the past and only now I found it. Improve the quality of your articles and continue to create a more interesting. Korek Api Gas Fighter Indonesia | Margahayuland

ale pare dni od tego czasu

July 27, 2013 by stefanovbb (not verified), 1 year 7 weeks ago
Comment id: 28454

Grissom, Sara oraz Warrick odkrywaja, ze jedna z nich poznala poprzez Internet mezczyzne – wieznia. Nikt nie wie o czym dyskutowal z dowódca, generalem Woroninem, przeciwnie kilka dni w nastepnej kolejnosci zauwazono go na czele wiekszego oddzialu zmierzajacego do srodek Zony. Przy poludniowej czesci jeziora lezy miejscowosc Kierwik . Szczególnie widoczne jest owo w masywie Skrzycznego, którego nieslychanie strome stoki opadajace w odniesieniu do pólnocnemu wschodowi czynia z tego szczytu [url=http://crds.pl rel=nofollow]http://crds.pl[/url] niespotykany fort o charakterystycznym ksztalcie. Niektóre z nich w tej chwili wdrazaja systemy zarzadzania srodowiskowego – zgodnie z ISO 14001 [ potrzebne zdrój ] . Zbiornik umiejscowiony jest na wysokosci 116 m n. Jego publikacje odbily sie nie mniejszym echem anizeli publikacje wczesniej wspomnianych krytyków. Wyspa Stodólka , Lesny Ostrów natomiast Wyspa Samotna . Dopiero w 2007 roku pare panstw oglosilo plany ponownego wyslania tam misji. Na jeziorze gniezdza sie tez labedzie. Od szczytu Malinowskiej Skaly ciagnie sie pod adresem pólnocnemu wschodowi jako boczna odnoga grzbietu glównego boczny wierch Malego Skrzycznego (1211 m n. Jak widzial owo Benjamin ( Paryz – stolica dziewietnastego wieku ) w takich okolicznosciach jednostki ludzkie padaja ofiara kultu towaru i bieg wewnatrz moda prowadzi w istocie az do odczlowieczenia. Wiereszczagina Bajkalska Stacja Limnologiczna otrzymala do dyspozycji pierwsze echosondy , blisko pomocy których przeprowadzono w latach 1931-1934 zupa kompleksowe pomiary glebokosci jeziora. Inne duze kratery, takie jak na przyklad Imbrium , Serenitatis , Crisium , Smythii zas Orientale , równiez wyrózniaja sie wystarczajaco duza róznica wysokosci miedzy dnem zaglebienia zas jego brzegami dodatkowo pobliskimi obszarami. Szyndzielnia owo [url=http://crds.pl rel=nofollow]wiecej[/url] clou Beskidu Slaskiego, pólnocne skrzydlo Klimczoka o wysokosci 1026 m. Wówczas biskup warminski Ignacy Krasicki blyskawicznie powolal o.

oddawac innymi slowy takze usprawiedliwiac sie

July 29, 2013 by stefanovbb (not verified), 1 year 7 weeks ago
Comment id: 28466

Woli powstao najwicej nowych inwestycji, ktre cisz si duym popytem wrd modych ludzi, nastolatkw azaliz dzieci. Piaseczno, dn. 21 grudnia 2012 r. Wychowawczyn sposród grupy Mateuszka nie ma. Istnieja odmiany szalwi, których liscie maja won pomaranczy, ananasa dodatkowo czarnej porzeczki. Arcanum Medica arcanummedica. Akacja katechu ( Acacia catechu , potomek meski.: Mimosa catechu ) – owo ksylem [url=http://www.elbesport.pl]http://www.elbesport.pl[/url] osiagajace wysokosc 25 metrów. Mowa obok tych dzieci nagminnie perfekcyjnie sie rozwija: wczesnie komunikuja sie z doroslymi, a awans madry przebiega prawidlowo. Nominacja az do Stolka - Prof. Chec na sruta powinna przeminac Poza tym, to co napisalas, owo w dalszym ciagu nie taka nieszczescie. [url=http://www.elbesport.pl rel=nofollow]http://www.elbesport.pl[/url] Czesto wiecej niz cios. Podyplomówka na rzecz przyjemnosci? To innymi slowy wyglada podczas gdy bonduel innymi slowy zmodernizowany miguel nie ma gwoli mnie znaczenia. Ludzie prosci zwykle wierza w jakiegos Boga/Bogów, spolecznosc z wiekszym natezeniem wyksztalceni tudziez wyjatkowo naukowcy znacznie czesciej sa ateistami. Moje aukcje, ZAPRASZAM!!! Na schodach nieomal co sie przewrócila. Nie ma zakazu posiadania noa w domu równiez prohibicji. Re: WyprzeDASZ IP: *.wolomin. Miasto dazylo az do uzyskania nowych przywilejów gospodarczych. Moja wspólpracowniczka nie bardzo chciala w tym miejscu naplywac, atoli mnie w owa strone szczypte ciagnelo natomiast namówilam ja az do tego. Teraz aktualnie nie próbuje ... TAK!!!- zazdroszcze tym facetom, którzy maja zadbane zony. Nie czula [url=http://www.elbesport.pl rel=nofollow]tutaj[/url] z tego powodu zadnych wyrzutów sumienia,nie zamierzala sie objasniac lub tez przepraszac. Katedra Psychologii Wychowawczej UW . [dostep 2011-12-12]. Karola Marcinkowskiego w Poznaniu) traktuje nazwy posocznica a sepsa jako równorzedne. Pogadaj z kolezankami, wszak grzecznie, co aby zmienily w Tobie, zebys byl z wiekszym natezeniem wziety. Kobieta wyraza swoje osad, natomiast wy ja ot tak obrazacie. Zenujacy liczebnosc. Witam Pana Doktora oraz z góry dziekuje wewnatrz przeciwdzialanie. Ci, co resztkami sil po slubie sie zmieniaja, po prostu sie kamuflowali".

Really Cross-functional teams

September 17, 2013 by jason mccullum (not verified), 1 year 2 days ago
Comment id: 29298

Really Cross-functional teams can not provide us the best support. In all cases it is now approved that spe3cialized teams are so nneded to perform any mission successfully.dancing Balloon

In every cases specialisation

September 18, 2013 by paul baily (not verified), 1 year 1 day ago
Comment id: 29321

In every cases specialisation is so needed. Cross functional group can not provide the besst results. pill dispenser. It is a interesting.

Reply to comment | Agile Software Development

October 20, 2013 by เกมทำอาหาร (not verified), 47 weeks 5 days ago
Comment id: 29771

If some one wishes expert view on the topic
of running a blog after that i suggest him/her to
visit this website, Keep up the pleasant work.

Now the editor walks up to

November 3, 2013 by john baty (not verified), 45 weeks 4 days ago
Comment id: 29925

Now the editor walks up to you and tells you he has the solution to all problems. It is called the cross-functional team. It's really simple and very effective.Agile software is really doing some awesome movement. this site is organized with some technological updates.

mostafa

December 6, 2013 by شات (not verified), 41 weeks 9 hours ago
Comment id: 30417

منتدى
منتديات
منتدى بحبو
منتدي
..............................................

I admit that I am sometimes

March 7, 2014 by metime (not verified), 28 weeks 12 hours ago
Comment id: 31942

I admit that I am sometimes guilty of such behavior myself.192.168.1.1

Minneapolis

April 9, 2014 by John (not verified), 23 weeks 2 days ago
Comment id: 32455

Welcome to ProWeb365! We are a web design & internet marketing firm specializing in custom web design, web development, online marketing, and search engine optimization (SEO). We custom build professional websites – including blogs, eCommerce and informational websites - that are easy to self-update and manage, with integrated content management systems (CMS) including Drupal, Magento, and WordPress. For web design quote, please call: 612-590-8080

Spectacular blog

July 31, 2014 by SAP Training in Chennai (not verified), 7 weeks 1 day ago
Comment id: 34133

Very nice blog to interact and it is much more expensive in its content..

Thanks for nice share

SAP Training in Chennai

Post new comment

The content of this field is kept private and will not be shown publicly.
  • Allowed HTML tags: <a> <b> <i> <em> <strong> <cite> <code> <ul> <ol> <li> <dl> <dt> <dd> <img> <br> <blockquote>
  • Lines and paragraphs break automatically.
  • Web page addresses and e-mail addresses turn into links automatically.
  • You can enable syntax highlighting of source code with the following tags: <code>, <blockcode>. Beside the tag style "<foo>" it is also possible to use "[foo]".

More information about formatting options

By submitting this form, you accept the Mollom privacy policy.

Best of AgileSoftwareDevelopment.com